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The Science Behind Stem Cell Therapy

One of the leading updates in the medical world is the discovery and success of stem cell therapy. Although this modern innovation has already made successful treatments to patients all over the world, there are still mysteries that enshroud it. It is not that difficult to analyze how stem cells are used in this therapy. Medical practitioners use devices that aids them in providing stem cell therapy to patients. In order to understand how it works, it is important to understand what stem cells are in the first place.

The Different Stem Cells in the Human Body

A stem cell is basically a special type of cell in the human body that aids the regeneration of tissues in the system. An embryonic stem cell is one of the most active stem cells produced by the human body but it is only present in an embryo. Embryonic cells are clearly observed in a microscope but they are very mysterious when they are injected to the body. Researchers have found out that these stem cells can successfully treat certain patients but their use is still considered controversial to most.

Adult stem cells, on the other hand, can be found in adult individuals. Adult stem cells are found in almost all parts of the body, including liver, bones, and other tissues. Medical practitioners that perform stem cell therapy rarely use embryonic stem cells due to their difficult harvesting process. Adult stem cells are typically acquired from the human brain tissues, bone marrow, and sometimes from the muscles. It is said that of all the human tissues, the most dominant source of adult stem cells is from fats. The results of this stem cell treatment mainly depends on the source of the stem cells and how they are injected to the human body.

The Type of Stem Cells

Stem cells are normally divided into three different types: the allogenic, xenogenic, and autologous stem cells. Autologous stem cells are simply the stem cells that are gathered from animals. This kind of stem cell is usually used in transplants because it has the least chance of rejection. Allogenic stem cells are categorized as those that are harvested from the same species, in which case human to human. Therapies using this kind of stem cells are considered the safest due to the compatibility of stem cell markers. When stem cells are harvested from a different species, they are called xenogenic stem cells. Although there are cases that such stem cells are rejected by the receiver, there are still scenarios where they accepted by the body. If you want to know more about how stem cell therapy works, you should speak with your physician or research online.

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